By Ronald E. Peterson

The period of Russian Symbolism (1892-1917) has been known as the Silver Age of Russian tradition, or even the second one Golden Age. Symbolist authors are one of the maximum Russian authors of this century, and their actions helped to foster some of the most major advances in cultural existence (in poetry, prose, tune, theater, and portray) that has ever been noticeable there. This ebook is designed to function an advent to Symbolism in Russia, as a stream, a creative strategy, and a global view. the first emphasis is at the background of the circulation itself. realization is dedicated to what the Symbolists wrote, stated, and inspiration, and on how they interacted. during this context, the most actors are the authors of poetry, prose, drama, and feedback, yet area can be dedicated to the real connections among literary figures and artists, philosophers, and the intelligentsia typically. This large, particular and balanced account of this era will function a regular reference paintings an inspire extra examine between students and scholars of literature.

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BEGINNINGS OF SYMBOLISM, 1892-1895 25 A wide variety of interests is evident in Chefs d'oeuvre. Bryusov's poems are usually well constructed, though there is an abundance of exclamation points, long lines (sometimes up to twenty-five syllables), and direct repetition of words in a line. " An early Symbolist who gained quite a reputation as a "decadent," not so much for his poetry but because of his lifestyle, was Aleksandr Dobrolyubov, whom Bryusov met in June of 1894. Dobrolyubov lived in Petersburg and preached the benefits of suicide to young students there in the early 1890s.

Nietzsche, both in August (new style), heralded the end of the positivistic, scientific age and the beginning 36 A HISTORY OF RUSSIAN SYMBOLISM of a new, enlightened era. And the leaders of this new century were to be the Symbolists. Following the flurry of Nietzsche's writings, published in Russian translation in 1898, and his death in 1900, one of the first major articles devoted to him appeared. 2 In that study, Shestov maintains that both Dostoevsky and Nietzsche avoid commonplaces and focus instead on the ugliest people and their problems.

5 The book was met by mostly negative criticism, once again for the decadent aspect that her contemporary critics found not to their liking; especially common are the intertwined themes of love and death and the verb "to decay" in her poems in this collection. 6 The title refers to living without a religious faith, a topic of great importance to Hippius, because she felt that one could not really live with without a faith. Also in 1896, Hippius printed a "Petersburg novella" called "Golden Blossom" in Severnyi Vestnik; the hero of the work, a decadent critic named Zvyagin, kills a woman who has scorned him.

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