By Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Sabrina Micali

The reference provides targeted learn at the olive (Olea europaea) and the stone fruit. Readers will know about the biotechnology, plant nutrients, plant breeding, pomology, postharvest body structure, plant pathology of those plant species. In a pragmatic feel, the booklet additionally offers acceptable agricultural wisdom approximately those vegetation for crop development, creation, meals, pest administration, ailment, genetic, genomic and the foodstuff industry.

The contributions through the authors of this e-book contain descriptions in regards to the manipulation of variables and genetic assets of inheritance of quantitative genes, crop rotation, soil water, and the impact of temperature on crop construction. facets akin to holding plants opposed to pests and illnesses while making sure the security of human health and wellbeing also are taken into account.

This is a worthwhile reference for college students, scientists, horticulturists and, normally, for an individual wishing to acquire wisdom and adventure with olives and drupes to extend productiveness.

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Additional resources for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology of Olea europaea and Stone Fruits

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Furthermore, some diseases due to the contemporaneous activity of several fungus are known (root rot, caries, sooty mold). Among viruses, only SLRV can appreciably affect the olive tree but does not require control. It is very important to study epidemiology in order to control any individual pathology due to the close links between pathogen biology and environmental conditions and relations between host and parasite. Knowledge regarding these relations offers a good probability for preventing and rationally controlling the disease [120] (Table 7).

A rational application of control strategies must take into account the quality factor, evaluating damage thresholds for any parasites. , increment of plant diversity Ecosystem equilibrium Opius concolor Bacillus thuringiensis, Mass trapping Beauveria bassiana azadirachtin Kaolin Dimethoate, deltamethrin, spinosad Olive moth Leaves, flowers, fruits Low susceptible cultivars, Ecosystem increment of equilibrium plant diversity Bacillus thuringiensis Sexual confusion azadirachtin Organophosph ates White oils Carbammates azadirachtin Organophosph ates Black olive scale Plant Periodic pruning, increment of plant diversity Metaphycus Ecosystem bartletti, M.

The effects of phosphatic fertilization are shown nevertheless with extreme slowness because of both the relatively modest demands of the olive, and its immobilization in the ground. Lack of phosphorus, however rare, is manifested with a reddish or purplish leave coloration, and metabolic issues that reflect on growth and on fructification. Potassium promotes the accumulation of carbohydrates such as starch, energetic reserve for the metabolic processes; it regulates the water balance of the plant increasing water retention of tissues and the regulation of transpiration; it is also an enzymatic activator, enhances inolition and increases resistance to extreme temperatures and some fungal diseases.

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