By Paul Russell

This article presents a single-volume, single-author normal advent to the Celtic languages.

The first 1/2 the e-book considers the old historical past of the language workforce as an entire. There follows a dialogue of the 2 major sub-groups of Celtic, Goidelic (comprising Irish, Scottish, Gaelic and Manx) and Brittonic (Welsh, Cornish and Breton) including an in depth survey of 1 consultant from each one staff, Irish and Welsh.

The moment part considers a number linguistic beneficial properties that are usually considered as attribute of Celtic: spelling platforms, mutations, verbal nouns and observe order.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Celtic Languages

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For Breton, Hemon 1947 is useful for earlier material; see also Le Bihan 1957 on early printed material. For literature, Bromwich 1974 provides a select bibliography; see also Matonis 1987. A bibliography of Continental Celtic is in the course of preparation by Eska. For Latin material from Celtic sources, see Lapidge and Sharpe 1985. 4. D. E. Evans 1979 has a full discussion of the difficulties of interpretation and also provides a useful history and bibliography of the scholarship; for a general discussion, see Schmidt 1977a.

This agreement is based on a number of lexical items; for example, Camanom (side A, line 5) 'road, path' is Celtic in origin, cf. Ir céimm, W cam 'step', but was borrowed into Latin as *cammīnum, which gave French chemin, Spanish camino, etc. (Eska 1989a: 53-4). It has been reported that a second inscription has been discovered at the Botorrita site; at present it awaits decipherment and analysis (Meid 1992: 57, n. 102). 3 Insular Celtic The Insular Celtic languages are those which are or were spoken in the British Isles.

But it is very difficult to argue for archaism or innovation when it is impossible to establish any dates or relative chronology, or indeed whether these forms should be considered Celtic at all. In recent years several scholars have suggested that there is evidence, which goes beyond the p/q distinction, that Gaulish and Lepontic and the Brittonic group are more closely related so that one can speak of a Gallo-Brittonic group (Fleuriot 1978, 1980: 51-79, 1988, Koch 1985b: 49-67, D. E. Evans 1988: 220).

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