By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki

First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches through the Institute of African stories (now the Institute of financial and Social learn) in 1977, this can be the second one in a chain of person guides on Zambian languages and grammar. The purpose of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become relatively in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guide. This quantity offers a grammatical caricature of Lozi, a language with regards to the Sotho language staff, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the vital Barotse undeniable to the north and south of Mongu and on each side of the Zambezi river, the entire approach to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The learn presents a entire survey of all of the significant grammatical beneficial properties of the language.

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They constituteseúes(2) ofth€ relative classaffixes. Singülâr No nümb€r Plural 1. yaa- 2. bãbã- 3. woo- 4. yee- 5. '1. leli- 6. aa- sesì- 8. byebi- 9. yee- I0. zee- lf. lolu 12. kake- 13. totu- 14. bobu- 15. koku- 17. kohr Tìese prefixes are also usedto inflect verb phÌâses. g. linja zee-zumahande (dogswhich hunt well) cp. g. batho baba-bonahrÌnde (peoplewho seewell) cp. g. mucahayaa-sehahahulu (a young nÌanwho laughsloudly) cp. ) lubilo (spê€d) 0 l) (naked) (nakedness) (6) (bad) (evil) (6) (strong) Gtr€ngth) (6) (waler) (6) (delicious) (goodtâste) (3) (kind, good) (mercy) (3) (difficulty) (e) -boi (cowardly) -bakíti -cwalo cp.

N-* k-o-no lE. m-o-na ' ìir'henit is usêdin The pronouú oontribut€semphasisor prominenceespecially pronouns iose tlpir appositionat phrases or iI| cÕntrast. Whên inflectáü emphaticrefeÍences. g. e. Firú sacoÍìdandthird peÍson (We aÍrived in time' they were late) (our foo4) but (The chief is ralking; it is the chief Miena yena vtabulela who is talking) NenisabulelinirYna (I was not speakingwith him) mi a ntaLozi (yoü Lozi) (n,6) (my fatb€r himselD (the village itself) O) (3) bona bucvali (the grassitself) (14) fonafoo (thatveryplace) (16) THE DEMONSTRÂTIVES Thãe are fouÍ series of demonstrativeswith the followins constructional pattems: Demonstrâtiveclass affix + a secondâlyvowel /-o/,l-e/ or l-a/, SeriesI dependingon whaher the classhasvowel /-nl, /-i/ or /-al in Íts noun prefix (h€re) Series3 Series4 Dernonstrativeclassaffx + secondaryvowel + /-ol (there) DeÌnonstrativeclassaffix + stemsl-alel oÍ /-nni/ (yonder).

G. g. buzwt (laziness) (14) The follorÀ,,ingtable shows the relative prefixes $'ÍÌich aÌe used with Ìelative steÍìs. They constituteseúes(2) ofth€ relative classaffixes. Singülâr No nümb€r Plural 1. yaa- 2. bãbã- 3. woo- 4. yee- 5. '1. leli- 6. aa- sesì- 8. byebi- 9. yee- I0. zee- lf. lolu 12. kake- 13. totu- 14. bobu- 15. koku- 17. kohr Tìese prefixes are also usedto inflect verb phÌâses. g. linja zee-zumahande (dogswhich hunt well) cp. g. batho baba-bonahrÌnde (peoplewho seewell) cp. g. mucahayaa-sehahahulu (a young nÌanwho laughsloudly) cp.

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