By Gerhard Stucki, Patrick Steinle (auth.), Spiros N. Agathos, Walter Reineke (eds.)

At the sunrise of the twenty first century, biotechnology is rising as a key allowing expertise for sustainable environmental safety and stewardship. Biotechnology for the surroundings: method and Fundamentals captures the dynamism of environmental biotechnology because it addresses the molecular functioning of microorganisms as cleanup brokers, their communal interactions in traditional and polluted ecosystems, and the principles of functional bioremediation procedures. Chapters on organic pollutants regulate within the chemical undefined, biodegradation of continual molecules (halogenated compounds, polycyclic fragrant hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, insecticides, detergents, etc.), microbial variety with impression on international swap, bioaugmentation options, and sensors for ecotoxicological tracking, should be of price to environmental scientists, engineers, and decision-makers thinking about the advance, evaluate, or implementation of organic therapy systems.

For info on Soil Remediation, see Focus on Biotechnology volume3B, and for info on Waste Water and Waste fuel dealing with, see Focus on Biotechnology quantity 3C.

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72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. E. M. (1996) Characterization of Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans sp. , which grows by coupling the oxidation of lactate to the reductive dechlorination of3-chloro-4-hydroxybenzoate, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62, 3800-3808. , Giordano, G. F. (1998) A novel secindependent periplasmic protein translocation pathway in Escherichia coli, EMBO 1. 17, 101-12. , Moore, E. and Diekert, G. (1995) Isolation and characterization of Dehalospirillum multivorans gen.

62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. Y. W. (1997) Purification, characterization and gene sequence analysis of a novel cytochrome c co-induced with reductive dechlorination activity in Desulfomonile tiedjei DCB-I, Arch. Microbiol. 168,520-527. L. G. (1997) Structure-based perspectives on Bl2-dependent enzymes, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 66,269-313. Mackiewicz, N. and Wiegel, 1. (1998) Comparison of energy and growth yields for Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans during utilization of chlorophenol and various traditional electron acceptors, Appl.

Akkermans, John Van Der Oost and Willem M. De Vos The phylogenetically deeply branching Dehalococcoides ethenogenes couples the oxidation of H2 to the reduction of PCE, TCE, cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE), I, I-DCE and dichloroethane (DCA) to vinylchloride (VC) and ethene. It is currently the only pure culture known to completely dechlorinate and, hence, detoxify the abundant bulk contaminant PCE. Low-GC Gram-positives , I Desulfifobacterium hafniense DCB-2' [7] Desulfifobacterium frappieriTCE1" [20] Desulfifobacterium frappieri PCP-1' [4] Desullitobaclerium chlororespirans ' (68) Syntrophobotu/us g/ycolieus Dehalobacler re3triclus TEA" [91] bhalobacler re3triclus PER-K2" [27] SJA 47 [87] 5JA 7 [87] 1\ Desulfilobaclerium deha/ogenans''''' [85] Desulfifobacterium PCE 1- [21] DesuJfotomaculum orientis SJA 19 [87] I 5T 10 (36) Selenomonas spp.

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